Orkney: Easily: Ring of Brodgar Stone Circle, Orkney: Easily the most awe-inspiring prehistoric site in Scotland, the Ring of Brodgar (also known as Brogar) lies on a promontory between two lochs. The stone circle is quite complete, and one of the biggest in Britain.The stones are set within a circular ditch up to 3m deep and 9m across that was hewn out of the solid bedrock by the prehistoric constructors. The surrounding area is full of other standing stones and Bronze Age round barrows, making a significant ritual landscape. Nearby are the Stones of Stenness.
Gwal-y-Filiast: The Welsh name for this site is Gwal-y-Filiast, the Greyhound Bitch's Lair. There was once a mound of earth or stones covering this Neolithic burial chamber, but only slight traces remain. Traditionally, the field in which the stones stand was said to be cursed, and consequently unprofitable, and the stones themselves were believed to grant any wish whispered to them on Halloween. The capstone is said to whirl around three times on Midsummer Eve, and the same night all the stones go to bathe in the river.
Avebury Henge: the most important and oldest megalithic henge in Britain, predating the druids with active use between 2600 and 1600 B.C., carbon dated to between 3304 and 2625 cal BC. It is older than the megalithic stages of Stonehenge, which is located about 20 miles to the south. It is said to be the largest henge in the world. It 28.5 acres. The site may have served neoloithic goddess worship and is considered a centre of earth by witches, pagans and others. Bank circumference: 1.5km, height: 17m area: 11.5ha, Average stone weight: 40 tons, Man-hours to construct: 1.5million. Within the large outer circle stands the ruins of two and perhaps three smaller circles. The great outer circle once contained about 100 uprighrt sarsen stones. Only 27 remain. The rest where destroyed by the puritans in the 17th and 18th centuries. The largest of all these weigh about 60 tons and stand about 25 feet tall.is similar in size to Newgrange and is surrounded by 18 smaller satellite mounds. The Great Mound has two passages with entrances on opposite sides, the western passage is 34 metres long and the eastern passage is 40 metre long, ending with a cruciform chamber.
The Hurlers: On the wild plain of Bodmin Moor is found an unusual site - three stone circles close together. Nine, seventeen and sixteen stones respectively survive; they were carefully erected so that they all appear the same height. The name "The Hurlers" refers to an old tradition that the circles are men turned to stone (presumably by the wrath of God) for "hurling the ball" on the Sabbath. 4m in length and 1m wide, was subdivided by sillstones into three compartments each containing cremated remains. Long after the megalithic mound was constructed Tara became the seat of the High Kings of Celtic Ireland.
Maui Trilithon, Tonga: Tonga was one of the most powerful islands in the region and at times its empire stretched across Samoa, Futuna, Uvea (Wallis), Rotuma, Niue and parts of Fiji. Testimony to these powerful times are evident along the north-eastern coast of Tongatapu where the powerful kings (Tui) resided. This archaeologically rich area offers the largest terraced tombs (langi) in the South Pacific at the present day village of Lapaha (formerly known as Mua) and the hugely impressive trilithon of Ha'amonga 'A Maui, about five miles further along the north point. This trilithon is a massive 12-ton stone archway made from three single limestone slabs. How they got there and what it was used for is uncertain but two of the more creditable theories are a gateway to the Royal Gardens or a shrine for observing the seasons. Other similar but smaller structures can be found within the Kingdom's ancient empire.
Fossa, Abruzzo, Itally: Fossa, in Abruzzo, was used by the ancient Vestini tribe as a cemetery during the early Iron age (1000 - 800 BC). The stones - mostly upright flat slabs between 0.5m and 4m (1.6 and 13 feet) tall - are arranged in circles and straight lines, but with the unusual feature that in many of these circles and lines the slabs are of radically different heights and are arranged, like the steps of a staircase, in order of height. Those slabs that are set in straight lines (usually between six and eight slabs in a row) may have had some horological or astronomical significance, as they are aligned E-W. The tombs inside the circles were used for single burials and the bodies were oriented, like the slabs, E-W. Besides their human contents, the tombs also contain pottery, bronze vases, weapons and ornaments. Tomb 19 contained a jar decorated with geometical motifs made by the application of metallic flakes. Some of the later burials used the hollowed trunk of a tree as a coffin.
Kerr Batch, Senegambia. Ghana: Stone circles of many types are found throughout Europe and the Near East, though nowhere is there so large a concentration as found on the north bank of the river Gambia. It is fair to assume that the presence of such a large groupe of monuments of a similar type in a relatively localised setting implies the presence of a well established, dynamic culture. The question remains: Who? The area involved covers some 15,000 square miles between the Saloum and Gambia Rivers. Here there are hundreds of circles containing many curious features and in particular the unique V or Lyre stones. The circles are said to be built around mounds of kings and chiefs, in the same way as royal persons were buried in the ancient empire of Ghana.